Specialized Dental Hygiene
Dental Sanitation is done under magnification loupe or microscope control for completely removing subgingival calculus over and that can cause periodontal disease.
The main cause of gum disease is plaque, a sticky, colorless that forms constantly on your teeth and gums attack. If not cleaned, plaque hardens to form tartar, which eventually spreads below the gum tissues that support the teeth and attack. Regular visits to the dentist for cleaning are an integral part of basic oral care.
Sanitation dental plaque removal is by therapeutic method called scaling .
Dental Sanitation can be done with:
- manually operated tools;
- ultrasound ;
- compressed air (sonic);
Ultrasonic Scaling the manual and remove supragingival plaque , while the scaling is removed with special instruments and scaling curette and only in part with ultrasound. The most common is ultrasonic scaling that has a non traumatic action on the teeth and gums, it is well supported and painless in adults, mentally balanced and not sensitive teeth (dentin hypersensitivity); and water sprayed from a pressure release device scaling local area but making cleaning and removing tartar deployed.
It is very important that scaling the result to be a perfectly smooth surface , even polished that deposit plaque and tartar is not favored. This result is obtained, besides professional brushing with abrasive paste special gum polished using a water jet ( Air-flow ) and sodium bicarbonate ( prophy jet ), well tolerated and painless, which eliminates the last scrap delaying future tartar deposits.
Through a correct brushing technique, using mouthwash and flossing not only prevents tooth decay and periodontitis, but the appearance and slows plaque and dental tartar default.
As last stage of scaling ultrasound is used PROPHYflex / air flow in order to final polishing.
At the end of professional cleaning procedure and detratraj apply remineralization treatment, fluoride and solutions to prevent gingival inflammation.
Personal Prevention is the first and most important stage of tooth care.
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Compliance with prophylactic measures saves time and effort and eliminates potential discomfort of dental treatment. Maintenance of healthy teeth related to each of us, the way we apply simple dental hygiene procedures.
- Personal : regular brushing, flossing and mouthwash and healthy eating
- Professional regular dental check ups, cleanings and scaling – conducted twice a year.
Most toothpastes have the basic components calcium, fluoride and an antiseptic substance. There are also a component slightly abrasive paste or even slightly anesthetic substance. Regardless of the type of toothpaste choice, remember that only a proper brushing technique that, duration and frequency complement the quality toothpaste.
Dental floss (Dental Floss)
Dental floss is found in pharmacies in dental offices or hypermarkets, use dental floss at least once a day for a full dental hygiene, and when not possible, at least three times a week.
It can reduce risk of caries by up to 80% with dental floss can be removed plaque from hard to reach areas brushing (interdental spaces).
Mouthwash is an antiseptic, antibacterial, which combat pathogenic microbial growth in the mouth. It does not replace brushing, but completes it.
It is recommended carriers bridges and fixed orthodontic appliances. The different sizes and provide another type of cleaning brushes inaccessible areas.
Although some patients are motivated by the fact that the electric toothbrush is better and feel better clean teeth, it is important to respect the same rules of brushing.
It is recommended to replace the brush head every 3 months or sooner if the bristles began to wear out.
The toothbrush should have soft bristles (soft) or medium (medium) as hardness to avoid damaging the gums.
For a complete dental hygiene recommend changing your toothbrush every three to four months. Worn toothbrush can not effectively clean teeth!
The device shows a container with water or mouthwash put a loop (or two, depending on the device type).Ansa design solution with adjustable pressure as a single jet or diffuse. Irrigator is suitable for cleaning hard to reach areas and gum massage.
Professional dental Sanitation
Daily brushing is extremely important, but even if it is done properly and regularly, it is not effective in removing and tartar buildup that accumulates on teeth regularly; So intervention is needed deep cleaning and plaque removal by conducting professional training sessions for prevention:
Good oral hygiene is important both aesthetically and for general health. Poor dental hygiene can lead to complex medical problems such as gum disease, infection, bone loss in the jaw, heart disease, strokes, brain etc. Regular visits to the dentist prevent these problems and help you maintain good dental hygiene.
Proper brushing techniques
It is important that brushing should be carried out at least 2 times every day, especially at night before bed without any food or liquid after the addition of water.
Place the brush along the gingival the 45˚ angle to the vertical surface of teeth. Brushes need to touch both the gum and tooth surfaces. It gently brushing the outer surface of the teeth, describing a movement from the gum to the tooth (from pink to white). Keeping the angle of 45˚, the inner surface of tooth comb gently with circular movements, short and mild, from the inside out.
Intraoral is followed by brushing of the molars, with the same circle in the end brushing the horizontal surface (occlusal) teeth, both maxillary and the mandible.
Do not press excessively, especially plaque is removed by the tips of the bristles. If you have bleeding during brushing, this means that the gum is inflamed due to plaque. In this case, insist with the brush in the area to remove plaque and gum free.
Finally, for a complete hygiene, but also fresh breath is advisable to brush your tongue from the inside out.Rinse three to four times after brushing.